At the end of 2017, 2,400 infants with symptoms of a small head and abnormal development were diagnosed throughout Brazil. The panic caused the Brazilian Health Department to make an unusual recommendation to the public to consider avoiding pregnancy! Gradually the facts became clear, and the cause of the syndrome was discovered to be the Zika virus.
It is assumed that the virus reached Brazil during the 2014 World Cup…
World Map of Areas with Risk of Zika
Many people think Zika is limited to South and Central America. That’s not the case, It is common in many areas of the world, including Africa, India, most of Southeast Asia and the Philippines.
In the following link, you can check the current state of Zika in any country in the world:
What is Zika?
Zika virus disease is caused by the Zika virus, which is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected mosquito (Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Albopictus). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting up to a week, and many people do not have symptoms or will have only mild symptoms. However, Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect called microcephaly and other severe brain defects.
How does Zika spread
Zika can be transmitted Through mosquito bites, From a pregnant woman to her fetus, Through sex or through blood transfusion (very likely but not confirmed)
People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. Once a person has been infected with Zika, they are likely to be protected from future infections.
Why Zika is risky for some people
Zika infection during pregnancy can cause a birth defect of the brain called microcephaly and other severe brain defects. It is also linked to other problems, such as miscarriage, stillbirth, and other birth defects.
There have also been increased reports of Guillain-Barré syndrome, an uncommon sickness of the nervous system, in areas affected by Zika.
How to prevent Zika
There is no vaccine to prevent Zika. The best way to prevent diseases spread by mosquitoes is to protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites.
Prevent sexual transmission of Zika by using condoms or avoiding sex.
Pregnant women should not travel to an area with risk of Zika, and couples planning to become pregnant are advised to wait a few months after returning from areas at risk.
How Zika is diagnosed
Diagnosis of Zika is based on a person’s recent travel history, symptoms, and test results.
A blood or urine test can confirm a Zika infection.
What to do if you have Zika
There is no specific medicine or vaccine for Zika virus. Treat the symptoms:
Get plenty of rest
Drink fluids to prevent dehydration
Take medication such as acetaminophen to reduce fever and pain
Do not take aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication